Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Does Molinism Reconcile Freedom and Foreknowledge?

Justin Mooney

Abstract

John Martin Fischer has argued that Molinism does not constitute a response to the argument that divine foreknowledge is incompatible with human freedom. I argue that T. Ryan Byerly’s recent work on the mechanics of foreknowledge sheds light on this issue. It shows that Fischer’s claim is ambiguous, and that it may turn out to be false on at least one reading, but only if the Molinist can explain how God knows true counterfactuals of freedom.

Keywords

foreknowledge; middle knowledge; molinism; free will

Full Text:

PDF

References

Byerly, T. R. 2014. “God Knows the Future by Ordering the Times”. In Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 5, edited by Jonathan Kvanvig, 22–48. Oxford University Press.

———. 2014. The Mechanics of Divine Foreknowledge and Providence: A Time-Ordering Account. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing.

———. 2015. “Do God's Beliefs about the Future Depend on the Future?”. Journal of Analytic Theology 3: 124–29.

Craig, William L. 1999. The Only Wise God: The Compatibility of Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom. Eugene, Or.: Wipf and Stock.

Dougherty, Trent, and Alexander R. Pruss. 2014. “Evil and the Problem of Anomaly”. In Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 5, edited by Jonathan Kvanvig, 49–87. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704768.003.0003.

Fischer, John M. 2008. “Molinism”. In Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Vol. 1, edited by Jonathan L. Kvanvig, 18–43. Oxford, New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

———. 2009. “More on Molinism”. In Metaphysics and God: Essays in honor of Eleonore Stump, edited by Kevin Timpe and Eleonore Stump, 127–40. London, New York: Routledge.

———. 2011. “Putting Molinism in its Place”. In Molinism: The Contemporary Debate, edited by Kenneth J. Perszyk, 208–26. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Flint, Thomas P. 1998. Divine Providence: The Molinist Account. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press.

Hasker, William. 19893. God, Time, and Knowledge. Ithaca, London: Cornell University Press.

Hunt, David P. 2009. “The Simple-Foreknowledge View”. In Divine Foreknowledge: Four Views, edited by James K. Beilby and Paul R. Eddy, 65–103. Westmont: InterVarsity Press.

Kane, Robert. 2005. A Contemporary Introduction to Free Will. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Kvanvig, Jonathan, ed. 2014. Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 5. Oxford University Press.

Kvanvig, Jonathan L. 2011. Destiny and Deliberation: Essays in Philosophical Theology. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

McCann, Hugh. 2011. “The Free Will Defense”. In Molinism: The Contemporary Debate, edited by Kenneth J. Perszyk, 239–61. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Morris, Thomas V. 1991. Our Idea of God: An Introduction to Philosophical Theology. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press.

Peels, Rik. 2016. “Can God Repent?”. In Oxford studies in philosophy of religion, edited by Jonathan L. Kvanvig, 190–212. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Perszyk, Kenneth J., ed. 2011. Molinism: The Contemporary Debate. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Rogers, Katherin A. 1996. “Omniscience, Eternity, and Freedom”. International Philosophical Quarterly 36, no. 4: 399–412. doi:10.5840/ipq199636440.

Zagzebski, Linda T. 1991. The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge. New York: Oxford University Press.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.