2013 – The Year of Bulgaria’s discontent

Michael Meznik


The article links the latest protest phenomena in Bulgaria since 2013 to a deepening crisis of the country’s system of representative (party) democracy. In particular, it looks at two waves of protest in 2013 and the respective relevant actors and their claims and analyzes the reasons for the movement’s relative failure. It also discusses the question of potential long-term effects of protests on the functioning of Bulgaria’s political system.


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